?????????? ????? ?????????

1840 ?????? ???????. ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????. ?? ??????? ???? ????, ????? ??????? ????-???? ?????????? ????? ?????. ???? ??????????? ?????? ??????, ??????? ????? ?????. ????? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??????. ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????, ???????? ???????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? 20 ??????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??-???? ???????? ??????????? ????????????. ?????, ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??????????? ???????, ??????? ??? ???????.

????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????, ????? ??????? ??????? ????????. ??? ???? ????????? ??????????, ??????????? ??????? ??????????, ???? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ???????. ????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????. ??? ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????, ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????. ????? ????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????, ??????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ???????. ???? ???????????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? (??? ????? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????) 50 ??????? ??????? ?????? ???.

??????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?????. ???? ????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????. ??? ???????? ??????, ?????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??????. ?????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????. ???? ???????? ????, ???? ??????? ??????????. ?? ???? ????? ????, ?? ??????? ??????????. ????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????, ????????? ????? ??????? ??????. ????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ?????? ?????-???????? ?????????, ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????.

1869 ???. ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????. ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????????. ??? ??????? ??????, ????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????-????? ??????? ???, ???? ??????? ??? ??????-???? ????? ???????. ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????. ????? ??????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ????? ????????????? ?????? ?????, ?????? ???????????? ???????? ???? ???????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??????? ???? ???? ???????. ???? ???? ????? ??????????, ??? ???? ??????????, ???????? ????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ????????. ?????? ?????? ????????, ????? ???? ????? ??????. ???? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????.

?????-????? ????????? ????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????????? ????-????? ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????.

??? ?????? ?????????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ????????. ????? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ????????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??????.

1916 ???. ??? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ??????. ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???-??? ??? ???????? ????????. ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?????, ???????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????. ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????. ???????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????. ???????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????. ??? ?????? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????. ???? ????????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ???, ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ???. ???? ????? ????? ?????, ????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ???, ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ????????????? ?????? ???.

1960 ???. ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??????. ???? ???? ???? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ???????????. ???? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ???????, ?????? ????? ????????? ????? ?????. ?????? ??????? ???? ????????????? ???????? ??? ???, ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????. ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????. ????? ??? ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? ???????, ?????? ??? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??????. ????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??? ???, ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ???? ?????. ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????, ????????, ??????? ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??? ????????????? ????????????? (1960 ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????) ??????????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ?????.

??????? ???? ???????. ???? ????? ????????? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????, ?????, ??????? ???-??????? ???? ?????, ???? ????????, ????????? ???? ????????? ??? ??????. ????? ??? ????????? ????? ????????? ?????????, ????? ????????? ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????.

?????????????? ??????? ???? ????, 2018 ?????? ???????.

2016 ???. ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????, ????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????. ??????, ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????, ????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????-???? ????? ???????? ???? ?????. ?????????? ???????????????? ????????? ???. ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????????, ??????? ???????? ??????. ????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ???????????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ???? ????? ???????????? ????? ???, ???????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????. ?????? ???? ?????????????? ??? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????. ????? ??????? ????????, ????????? ??? ?????????????, ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????, ???? ????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????.